31 de octubre de 2020
ÚLTIMAS NOTICIAS:
Hispanic World

Costa Rica increasing its protected ocean territory

By Maria Jose Brenes

By Maria Jose Brenes

San Jose, Sep 24 (efe-epa).- Costa Rica over the past decade has increased its marine conservation zone by more than 11,000 square kilometers (roughly 4,200 square miles) with an eye toward improving its historical deficit in maintaining its oceanic biodiversity.

The country has created four marine management areas during that time - Montes Submarinos, Cabo Blanco, Bahia Santa Elena and Barra del Colorado - comprising 2.7 percent of the total marine territory (or waters) under various kinds of protection.

The figure is far from its international commitment, which stands at 10 percent, but it's an important step for the country in evening up its historic deficit in marine conversation.

"Costa Rica is a country that is 10 times larger in terms of its marine territory than its land area. We're truly more comparable to an island than many other countries. And all our conservation efforts have been directed towards the land ... So, now the country is preparing to expand its exclusive economic zone, where it must direct its efforts," said the executive director of the Costa Rica Forever Association, Zdenka Piskulich.

The association, which dedicates its efforts on promoting the conservation of marine and land ecosystems in perpetuity via the management of alliances with the government, private sector and civil society, has been one of the entities tasked with helping the country fulfill its national conservation goals.

The ocean, in general, acts as a climate regulator for the planet, and these 11,000 sq. km of marine protected areas not only protect the biodiversity of migratory birds, whales, turtles, fish and corals but also aid in the sustainable development of communities.

"These protected areas are fundamental because they become climate refuges, not only for the biodiversity but also in that insofar as the ecosystem is healthy it has the capacity for resilience and adaptation to climate change, and that overflows into a benefit to communities, economically and in terms of social wellbeing," biologist Monica Gamboa told EFE.

Each of the areas has special and unique characteristics that reflect their huge ecosystemic value and were selected after a rigorous process that involved technical studies, investment, consultation with the communities and various types of management so that they might become a sustainable protected area over time.

Costa Rica has typically lagged behind in terms of its marine and coastal conservation, having put its efforts much more into terrestrial conservation over time.

The country has just 51,000 sq. km of land area, some 0.03 percent of the world's surface, and is home to about 90,000 species, or approximately 5 percent of the global biodiversity. A total of 13,030.55 sq. km of its land area - 25.5 percent of the total - is protected, although its goal is to get to 30 percent.

In terms of its ocean territory, Costa Rica possesses 568,054 sq. km containing 6,700 marine species, some 3.5 percent of the known global ocean species, 90 percent of which are endemic.

Of the marine territory, 15,501.92 sq. km are protected, or 2.7 percent, a far cry from the 10 percent that is the international commitment for 2020.

Now, however, the country's goals are ambitious and it is seeking to be part of an international bloc with an eye toward achieving the 30 percent level for protected territories by 2030 as a nature-based solution to fight climate change.

Some of Costa Rica's coastal areas have traditionally been devoted to fishing and they have been overexploited. Therefore, the country's authorities have sought to push for a system of governance including the creation of family inns, Internet access, ecotourism, support for marine tour operators, as well as fishing by less invasive methods that allow the ecosystem to recover.

EFE

Histórico de noticias
Zeta downgraded to post-tropical storm after leaving 5 dead in southern US

Miami, Oct 29 (efe-epa).- Zeta, which on Wednesday made landfall on the Louisiana coast as a Category 2 hurricane, was downgraded to a post-tropical storm...

Economy, Covid-19 are focus in Biden-Trump duel for Florida

Miami, Oct 29 (efe-epa).- Five days before the US election and with more than 7.3 million votes already cast in Florida, President Donald Trump and...

Mexico's marigold "pulque" another way for the living to remember the dead

By Miquel Muñoz

Hathaway: We should keep authoritarians in films, not running our countries

By David Villafranca

"Wall of Hope" in Peru where people write what they want to do after pandemic

By Fernando Gimeno

Republicans accuse Twitter of censoring and anticonservative bias

Washington, Oct 28 (efe-epa).- The CEOs of Facebook, Google and Twitter - Mark Zuckerberg, Sundar Pichai and Jack Dorsey, respectively - on Wednesday faced...

US accuses 8 of being illegal Chinese gov't agents, harassing dissident

New York, Oct 28 (efe-epa).- The United States on Wednesday charged eight people with being illegal agents for the Chinese government and conducting an...

Leopoldo Lopez: I will return to liberate Venezuela

By Alida Juliani

All Souls Day bread a tradition in southern Mexico

By Juan Jesus Cortes

The US South, a legacy of slavery at the polls

By Susana Samhan

Mexico's Caribbean coast on red alert for Hurricane Zeta

Cancun, Mexico, Oct 26 (efe-epa).- Mexico's Caribbean coast on Monday was placed on red alert with the approach of Tropical Storm Zeta, which according to...

Bolivian court nullifies arrest order for Morales on terrorism charges

La Paz, Oct 26 (efe-epa).- A Bolivian court has annulled several elements of the court proceedings for alleged crimes such as terrorism and sedition against...

Scientists find clear evidence of frozen water on Moon

By Carmen Rodriguez

The unstoppable decline of US after four years of Trump

By Julio Cesar Rivas, Rosa Jimenez and Jesus Centeno

Tropical Storm Zeta gains strength en route to Yucatan

Miami, Oct 25 (efe-epa).-Tropical Storm Zeta, which formed on the weekend in the Caribbean and is heading toward the Yucatan Peninsula with sustained winds...

Deported Mexicans trust Biden: He owes us immigration reform

By Eduard Ribas i Admetlla

Covid-19 cases around Pence rise to 5, but he maintains travel schedule

Washington, Oct 25 (efe-epa).- The new outbreak of Covid-19 in the White House has now affected five people around Vice President Mike Pence, but his office...

Foreign hackers threatening US elections again

By Marc Arcas

Sofia Coppola, Bill Murray return in "On The Rocks" with Woody Allen style

Los Angeles, Oct 23 (efe-epa).- Filmmaker Sofia Coppola and actor Bill Murray are teaming up again after their success in "Lost in Translation" to make "On...

Cuban dance adjusts to the pandemic's new normal

By Yeny Garcia

Venezuelans stranded in Dominican Republic desperately seeking to return home

By Maria Montecelos

Ecuadorian security forces use tear gas to disperse Quito protesters

Quito, Oct 22 (efe-epa).- Ecuadorian police on Thursday used tear gas to disperse a demonstration in Quito called by a union to protest the country's...

Giuliani defends self against sexually compromising scene in "Borat" film

Los Angeles, Oct 22 (efe-epa).- President Donald Trump's personal attorney, former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani, defended himself on Thursday after...

Russia, Iran deny US charges of election meddling

Moscow, Oct 22 (efe-epa).- The governments of Russia and Iran rejected on Thursday accusations from Washington that they are trying to influence the outcome...