18 de enero de 2021
ÚLTIMAS NOTICIAS:
 1300x90
Hispanic World

Expo shows colorful diversity of Bolivia's indigenous clothing

By Yolanda Salazar

By Yolanda Salazar

La Paz, Sep 9 (efe-epa).- Clothing made with llama wool fabric or tree bark to invoke the spirits or to dress as Warriors of the Sun make up part of an expo that invites the public to tour Bolivia in terms of the great diversity of colors, designs and materials used by the different indigenous communities around the country for their clothing.

All kinds of wear, from the long skirts known as "urkhus" used by women of the Bolivian altiplano to the tunics made of tree bark worn by several indigenous peoples in the eastern part, are now on show for one year at the Ethnography and Folklore Museum (Musef) in La Paz.

The exposition is called "Wearing Memories" and displays some 80 examples of indigenous wear from different periods and peoples that show how clothes have served as an identity document.

Musef's research chief, Juan Villanueva, told EFE that the purpose of the expo is to show "how clothing given form by the body in the surrounding area creates identity."

And so items of everyday wear are on display, as are others used only for special occasions like festivals and funeral ceremonies.

For example, in the town of Cacachaca in the Andean province of Oruro, the indigenous people perform a ritual dance called the "Jira Mayku" during Carnival in order to "plead the spirits of the dead" to bring the rain so essential for agriculture, Villanueva said.

The men wear wide pants made of goatskin or the pelt of some other animal, richly embroidered jackets and caps full of colored ribbons that hide the wearer's face.

Also dancing in the Amazon region of the Beni are the "cane cutters" and "Warriors of the Sun" who wear the "yususe," a feather headdress shaped like sun rays, a long white tunic, little bells on their feet and a machete in hand.

Exhibited at the expo are a diversity of ponchos or "unkus," which characterize the different communities of the altiplano, not only because of the materials made of different llama wool fibers, but also by their colors and designs.

The shades of the "unkus" vary, though most are black, red or coffee-colored, with embroideries of animals of the region and other designs that identify each community, and which are only worn by men.

Similarly, the women use long, thick skirts made of llama, vicuna or alpaca wool, which in some regions are decorated with embroidery that identifies the community they come from.

"In colonial times, indigenous people could not wear clothing that did not belong to their nation...sanctions were imposed, including death - people caught wearing the wrong attire were executed because its use as an ID was so important," Musef research scientist Milton Eyzaguirre told EFE.

Some women's clothing in the exposition belonged to the Charazani and Pacajes communities in La Paz province and to the Chayanta in Potosi, among others.

Another area of the expo shows the clothes worn in the Bolivian valleys, a merger of indigenous and European styles. EFE-EPA ysm/cd

Histórico de noticias
Eccentric music producer Phil Spector dead of Covid complications

New York, Jan 17 (efe-epa).- Phil Spector, one of the most highly acclaimed modern music producers, the creator of the so-called "Wall of Sound," died on...

Argentina promulgates law making abortions easier to get

By Javier Castro Bugarin

Miami Beach holding festival showcasing tropical "Art Deco" legacy

By Ana Mengotti

Last year ties 2016 as hottest year in recorded history

Miami, Jan 14 (efe-epa).- Last year tied 2016 as the hottest year since records have been kept, according to a report published Thursday by NASA that...

Organized crime in Mexico selling fake Covid-19 vaccines

By Cristina Sanchez Reyes

Trump asks supporters to avoid violence before inauguration

(Updates with Trump's 2nd video statement)

Trump losing business support, putting future of his brand in danger

By Mario Villar

US Justice Dept. to charge several hundred in mob that invaded Congress

Washington, Jan 12 (efe-epa).- The US Department of Justice on Tuesday announced that it already has formally charged more than 70 people with assorted...

Brazil: China vaccine's 50.38 pct. effectiveness can halt pandemic

Sao Paulo, Jan 12 (efe-epa).- The anti-Covid vaccine developed by China's Sinovac pharmaceutical laboratory and which will be used and produced in Brazil is...

Congress calls for Trump impeachment despite Pence rejection

Update 1: Reworks lede, changes headline, adds info on impeachment attempt

US puts Cuba back on list of terrorism sponsors

Washington, Jan 11 (efe-epa).- The Donald Trump administration on Monday put Cuba back on the US list of sponsors of terrorism, from which that country had...

Twitter suspends more than 70,000 accounts sharing QAnon content

Washington, Jan 12 (efe-epa).- Twitter announced that it has suspended more than 70,000 accounts dedicated to sharing QAnon content following the attack on...

Buenos Aires: Argentine equine serum effective, safe for Covid-19 cases

Buenos Aires, Jan 11 (efe-epa).- The hyperimmune serum produced from horses in Argentina completed the last phase of its clinical studies and "demonstrated...

International tourism in Mexico down 45.6 pct. year-on-year in November

Mexico City, Jan 11 (efe-epa).- Mexico hosted 45.6 percent fewer international tourists last November than during the same month in 2019, with arrivals...

Mexico begins 2021 with legislative, economic battles with businessmen

By Pedro Pablo Cortes

Clamor growing for Trump to resign, but president remaining silent

By Alfonso Fernandez

Health brigades disinfecting Mexican homes

By Cristina Sanchez Reyes

Authorities investigating death of Miami MD who got virus vaccine

Miami, Jan 7 (efe-epa).- The Miami-Dade County Medical Examiner's Office is investigating the death of obstetrician-gynecologist Gregory Michael, who died...

Biden taps judge Obama tried to put on Supreme Court for US attorney general

Washington, Jan 7 (efe-epa).- President-elect Joe Biden announced Thursday his pick for US attorney general in his upcoming administration federal Judge...

Honduras needs 350K workers to harvest coffee during peak of season

Tegucigalpa, Jan 7 (efe-epa).- Honduras needs some 350,000 people to work temporarily helping bring in the 2020-2021 coffee harvest, which has been reduced...

Elon Musk surpasses Jeff Bezos as world's richest person

New York, Jan 7 (efe-epa).- The founder and CEO of Tesla, Elon Musk, on Thursday surpassed Amazon boss Jeff Bezos as the world's richest person, according...

Gigantic vulva sculpture sparks controversy in Brazil

By Waldheim Garcia Montoya

Powerful in Americas following "stay home" orders by going on vacation

By Claudia Polanco Yermanos

Three Kings Day buying in Mexico only at 50 pct. due to pandemic

By Miquel Muñoz