25 de marzo de 2019
ÚLTIMAS NOTICIAS:
Hispanic World

Mexican gov't spied on legendary Spanish director Luis Buñuel

Mexico City, Mar 14 (epa-efe).- Spanish filmmaker Luis Buñuel, along with many other famous artists, was closely watched by the Mexican security service, who followed his every step from the time he entered the country to the time he left, documents from the National General Archives (AGN) show.

Mexico City, Mar 14 (epa-efe).- Spanish filmmaker Luis Buñuel, along with many other famous artists, was closely watched by the Mexican security service, who followed his every step from the time he entered the country to the time he left, documents from the National General Archives (AGN) show.

The information compiled by Mexican spies includes, for example, the fact that on March 13, 1956, Buñuel participated in a film roundtable in the Mexican capital.

Buñuel - whose film "Los Olvidados" (1950) about poverty in Mexico garnered ill will in the country's circles of power - was a speaker at the roundtable held in a university facility, said "Agent 69" in his report to the defunct Federal Security Administration (DFS).

A sanitized version of the close surveillance of - or espionage perpetrated against - Buñuel between 1954 and 1975 is available in a six-page AGN document, although it no longer contains "sensitive details."

The importance given to the Spanish filmmaker by Mexican spies is clearly documented in the Oct. 9, 1956, notes by Arturo Durazo Moreno, the feared leader of the DFS group who became Mexico City police chief in 1982.

"Buñuel, who lives on Felix Cuevas Street in Mexico City, will board the KLM plane that arrived yesterday from Amsterdam," says the report, which includes the names and addresses of other travelers, including some of French origin.

On July 2, 1959, Buñuel was at the Universidad Obrera, an institution linked to Mexican Socialist leader Vicente Lombardo Toledano, to attend the inauguration of a student fraternity house and see a painting exhibition, the agent on duty reported.

His arrival in Mexico on an Air France flight on Feb. 22, 1964, and his attendance on Aug. 29, 1975, at the inauguration of the Cinematographic Training Center, of which he was president, is included in the filmmaker's file.

Along with Buñuel, the entire Mexican intellectual and celebrity elite was under the DFS microscope on an ongoing basis.

The DFS - a secretive espionage agency - was created in 1947 and dismantled in 1985 after acts of corruption and links to drug traffickers were revealed.

Mexican actress Silvia Pinal, star of Buñuel's film "Viridiana" (1961), and comedian Mario Moreno "Cantinflas," a key figure in the founding of the National Actors Association (ANDA), were also under intensive surveillance by Mexican espionage services.

Neither intellectuals nor writers were able to escape the scrutiny of the DFS, and Mexican Nobel Laureate Octavio Paz (1990), Carlos Fuentes, Carlos Monsivais, Jose Revueltas - who served time in the Islas Marias penal colony - Efrain Huerta and Diego Rivera are all mentioned in Buñuel's file.

But the eavesdropping did not end there and also was directed at international "targets" such as Fidel Castro, Ernesto "Che" Guevara and Camilo Cienfuegos during the time when those revolutionaries were in Mexico preparing to mount the Cuban Revolution.

US President John F. Kennedy and his alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, Queen Elizabeth II of England and US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger also have files in the Mexican security archives.

The 60,000 confidential files, made public a couple of years ago, are stored in 7,314 boxes in the custody of the AGN, the Mexican spy agency that operated from 1920-2019.

Although the majority of the files were made public in 2002 via an executive order signed by then-President Vicente Fox, it was President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador who recently ordered the removal of all restrictions so that the press can examine and publish the documents.

The political espionage efforts got started under the governments emerging from the 1910-1921 Mexican Revolution, although it was President Miguel Aleman (1946-1952) who created the DFS.

During the 1985 crisis involving the murder of US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique Camarena, the DFS was disbanded when it was discovered that drug capos were being protected by the agency.

The National Security and Investigations Center (Cisen) was created after that, although Lopez Obrador ordered it closed after taking office last Dec. 1.

In 1985, the AGN received 3,091 boxes with files prepared by the Office of Political and Social Research and the DFS during the period from 1920 to 1975 and in 2002, 4,223 boxes with 58,302 records from the Cisen for the period 1947-1985 were added.

By Jose Antonio Torres

Histórico de noticias
First Guatemalan Maya woman runs Los Angeles Marathon

Los Angeles, Mar 24 (efe-epa).- When the starting gun sounded on Sunday for the Los Angeles Marathon, Maria del Carmen Tun Cho felt like a winner already by...

Democratic Sen. Gillibrand: Trump is a coward

New York, Mar 24 (efe-epa).- Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand, one of the aspirants for the Democratic presidential nomination for the 2020 elections, on Sunday here...

Trump claims complete exoneration of collusion, obstruction

Washington, Mar 24 (efe-epa).- President Donald Trump, in a Twitter post and in brief remarks before boarding Air Force One in Florida, said that the...

Innovative recycling program humanizing a Panamanian prison

Panama City, Mar 24 (efe-epa).- Four years ago La Joyita seemed to be more of a dump than a prison. The inmates in the Panamanian prison walked over and...

Doctor shortage forecast in US, but foreign docs struggling to get licensed

Miami, Mar 24 (efe-epa).- The practice of medicine in the US may well find itself in intensive care in the coming years due to the high demand for...

Surfers seek perfect waves where Amazon meets Atlantic in Brazil

Sao Domingos do Capim, Brazil, Mar 24 (efe-epa).- Scores of surfers and thousands of tourists converge each year on Brazil's Para state to enjoy the...

Safety, preventing job loss priorities for drone makers, Mexican expert says

Guadalajara, Mexico, Mar 24 (efe-epa).- With drones expected to be completely autonomous in a few years, the priorities for designers of unmanned aerial...

Venezuela arrests Colombian fugitive said linked to terror plot

Caracas, Mar 23 (efe-epa).- Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said Saturday that his government captured the head of the Colombian criminal gang Los...

Brazil develops technology for sterilizing organ transplants

Sao Paulo, Mar 23 (efe-epa).- Researchers at the University of Sao Paulo have discovered a way to sterilize organs to be used as transplants, thanks to a...

Bolivians lay claim to treasure aboard sunken Spanish galleon

La Paz, Mar 23 (efe-epa).- The dispute between Colombia and Spain over the $17 billion in gold and silver believed to be aboard a Spanish galleon that was...

Speaker of Brazil's lower house says Bolsonaro must lead

Brasilia, Mar 23 (efe-epa).- President Jair Bolsonaro needs to prioritize governing Brazil over spending time on Twitter, the powerful speaker of the lower...

Mexico top Chile 3-1 in friendly

San Diego, Mar 23 (efe-epa).- Mexico defeated two-time reigning Copa America champions Chile 3-1 here in Gerardo "Tata" Martino's debut as coach of El Tri.

Mueller plans no new charges, Justice Department says

Washington, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- Special Counsel Robert Mueller does not plan to file any additional charges in connection with his probe of alleged Russian...

The Americas remain fractured despite unending attempts at integration

Bogota, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- The Americas have been the scene of endless attempts at integration, often aborted, however, by some stumbling block or by a...

10 Pct. of Mexicans lack safe drinking water

Mexico City, Mar 22 (epa-efe).- Ten percent of the Mexican population does not have access to safe drinking water, the National Autonomous University of...

South American leaders launch new regional body

Santiago, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- The presidents of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru gathered here Friday to sign the Declaration...

Mueller delivers Russia-probe report to US attorney general

Washington, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- Special counsel Robert Mueller presented to the attorney general Friday his report on alleged Russian meddling in the 2016 US...

Colombia gov't seeks cause of blast that killed 8

Bogota, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- Colombian authorities are investigating whether the explosion that killed eight people on an indigenous reserve in the...

Artist carves volcanic rock into miniatures of iconic buildings

Quito, Mar 22 (epa-efe).- Jaime Puetate uses rock from the slopes of Cotopaxi volcano, which towers 5,897m (19,347ft) above the landscape, to craft...

Mexican president: More competition needed in banking sector

Mexico City, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- Mexico's president said Friday that the key to bringing down bank commissions is to ensure that the financial institutions...

Killer's family asks Mexican president to re-open Colosio case

Mexico City, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- The family of the man who confessed 25 years ago to killing then-presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio on Friday asked...

Ibero-American cinema has strong, authentic voice, Mexican actress says

Los Angeles, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- A Mexican actress who helped announce the nominees for this year's edition of the Platino Awards said in an interview with...

South America seeks integration, not ideologies, Chile foreign minister says

Santiago, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- Chilean Foreign Minister Roberto Ampuero said that this Friday's summit in Santiago of the presidents of seven South American...

Panama's new head coach looks to instill order, tactical discipline

Porto, Portugal, Mar 22 (efe-epa).- The new head coach of Panama's national soccer team said here ahead of the first match of his second stint with Los...